Acute aerobic exercise improves memory across intensity and fitness levels

Krystle Zuniga, Mackenzie Mueller, Andrew R. Santana, William L. Kelemen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was designed to examine the impact of exercise intensity and aerobic fitness on free recall, judgments of learning (JOLs), and metacognitive accuracy. In Experiment 1, 30 college students engaged in either (1) no exercise, (2) light exercise (55% of predicted maximal heart rate), or (3) moderate exercise (75% of predicted maximal heart rate) on three different days. In Experiment 2, 29 high-fit students (VO 2 max ≥ 70th percentile) and 28 low-fit students (VO 2 max ≤ 50th percentile) completed sedentary and light exercise conditions. In both experiments, free recall scores significantly increased in the exercise conditions compared with the sedentary condition, but JOL magnitude and metacognitive accuracy were largely unaffected. These results demonstrate that exercise can improve recall at both light and high intensities, and that the benefit can be obtained by individuals regardless of their fitness level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-636
Number of pages9
JournalMemory
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2019

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Exercise
Students
Light
Heart Rate
Learning
Fitness
Experiment
Free Recall
Judgments of Learning

Keywords

  • Recall
  • aerobic exercise
  • fitness
  • judgments of learning (JOLs)
  • metacognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Acute aerobic exercise improves memory across intensity and fitness levels. / Zuniga, Krystle; Mueller, Mackenzie; Santana, Andrew R.; Kelemen, William L.

In: Memory, Vol. 27, No. 5, 28.05.2019, p. 628-636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zuniga, Krystle ; Mueller, Mackenzie ; Santana, Andrew R. ; Kelemen, William L. / Acute aerobic exercise improves memory across intensity and fitness levels. In: Memory. 2019 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 628-636.
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