Competition

S. H. Liening, P. H. Mehta, R. A. Josephs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article provides a broad overview of research on competition. The social function of competition and dispositional dominance, a desire for high status, as an individual difference are discussed. Endocrine mechanisms underlying dominance behaviors, focusing primarily on testosterone, are also covered, including how individual differences in physiology influence behavior and how competitive outcomes influence physiology. The dynamic relationship between testosterone and other factors, such as psychological, situational, and physiological moderators, highlights the complex nature of the basis for socially competitive behaviors in humans. A brief discussion of sex differences is also covered. The article will conclude with a discussion of how the preceding concepts apply to the field of behavioral economics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Human Behavior
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages556-562
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780123750006
ISBN (Print)9780080961804
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Competitive Behavior
Individuality
Testosterone
Behavioral Economics
Sex Characteristics
Psychology
Research

Keywords

  • Behavioral economics
  • Challenge hypothesis
  • Competition
  • Cortisol
  • Dominance
  • Reciprocal model
  • Sex differences
  • Social hierarchy
  • Status
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Liening, S. H., Mehta, P. H., & Josephs, R. A. (2012). Competition. In Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition (pp. 556-562). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00100-2

Competition. / Liening, S. H.; Mehta, P. H.; Josephs, R. A.

Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2012. p. 556-562.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Liening, SH, Mehta, PH & Josephs, RA 2012, Competition. in Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 556-562. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00100-2
Liening SH, Mehta PH, Josephs RA. Competition. In Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2012. p. 556-562 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00100-2
Liening, S. H. ; Mehta, P. H. ; Josephs, R. A. / Competition. Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2012. pp. 556-562
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