Design and participant characteristics of TX sprouts: A school-based cluster randomized gardening, nutrition, and cooking intervention

Jaimie N. Davis, Katie Nikah, Fiona M. Asigbee, Matthew J. Landry, Sarvenaz Vandyousefi, Reem Ghaddar, Amy Hoover, Matthew Jeans, Stephen J. Pont, Daphne Richards, Deanna M. Hoelscher, Alexandra E. Van Den Berg, Meagan Bluestein, Adriana Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: To outline the study design, outcome measures, protocol and baseline characteristics of enrolled participants of Texas (TX) Sprouts, a one-year school-based gardening, nutrition, and cooking cluster randomized trial. Methods: Eight schools were randomly assigned to the TX Sprouts intervention and eight schools to the delayed intervention over three years (2016–2019). The intervention arm received: formation/training of Garden Leadership Committees; a 0.25-acre outdoor teaching garden; 18 student lessons including gardening, nutrition, and cooking activities, taught weekly during school hours by hired educators throughout one school year; and nine parent lessons taught monthly to families. The delayed intervention was implemented the following academic year and received the same protocol as the intervention arm. Primary outcomes included: dietary intake, dietary-related behaviors, obesity, and metabolic parameters. Child measures included: height, weight, waist circumference, body composition, blood pressure, and dietary psychosocial variables. A subsample of children were measured for glucose, hemoglobin-A1C, and 24-hour dietary recalls. Parent measures included: height and weight, dietary intake, and related dietary psychosocial variables. Results: Of the 4239 eligible students, 3137 students consented and provided baseline clinical measures; 3132 students completed child surveys, with 92% of their parents completing parent surveys. The subsamples of blood draws and dietary recalls were 34% and 24%, respectively. Intervention arm baseline descriptives, clinical and dietary data for children and parents are reported. Conclusion: The TX Sprouts intervention targeted primarily low-income Hispanic children and their parents; utilized an interactive gardening, nutrition, and cooking program; and measured a battery of dietary behaviors, obesity and metabolic outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105834
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume85
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Gardening
Cooking
Students
Parents
Obesity
Weights and Measures
Waist Circumference
Body Composition
Hispanic Americans
Teaching
Hemoglobins
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Blood Pressure
Glucose

Keywords

  • Cooking intervention
  • Gardening
  • Hispanic
  • Low-income
  • Nutrition
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • School-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Design and participant characteristics of TX sprouts : A school-based cluster randomized gardening, nutrition, and cooking intervention. / Davis, Jaimie N.; Nikah, Katie; Asigbee, Fiona M.; Landry, Matthew J.; Vandyousefi, Sarvenaz; Ghaddar, Reem; Hoover, Amy; Jeans, Matthew; Pont, Stephen J.; Richards, Daphne; Hoelscher, Deanna M.; Van Den Berg, Alexandra E.; Bluestein, Meagan; Pérez, Adriana.

In: Contemporary Clinical Trials, Vol. 85, 105834, 10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, JN, Nikah, K, Asigbee, FM, Landry, MJ, Vandyousefi, S, Ghaddar, R, Hoover, A, Jeans, M, Pont, SJ, Richards, D, Hoelscher, DM, Van Den Berg, AE, Bluestein, M & Pérez, A 2019, 'Design and participant characteristics of TX sprouts: A school-based cluster randomized gardening, nutrition, and cooking intervention', Contemporary Clinical Trials, vol. 85, 105834. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.105834
Davis, Jaimie N. ; Nikah, Katie ; Asigbee, Fiona M. ; Landry, Matthew J. ; Vandyousefi, Sarvenaz ; Ghaddar, Reem ; Hoover, Amy ; Jeans, Matthew ; Pont, Stephen J. ; Richards, Daphne ; Hoelscher, Deanna M. ; Van Den Berg, Alexandra E. ; Bluestein, Meagan ; Pérez, Adriana. / Design and participant characteristics of TX sprouts : A school-based cluster randomized gardening, nutrition, and cooking intervention. In: Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2019 ; Vol. 85.
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abstract = "Aims: To outline the study design, outcome measures, protocol and baseline characteristics of enrolled participants of Texas (TX) Sprouts, a one-year school-based gardening, nutrition, and cooking cluster randomized trial. Methods: Eight schools were randomly assigned to the TX Sprouts intervention and eight schools to the delayed intervention over three years (2016–2019). The intervention arm received: formation/training of Garden Leadership Committees; a 0.25-acre outdoor teaching garden; 18 student lessons including gardening, nutrition, and cooking activities, taught weekly during school hours by hired educators throughout one school year; and nine parent lessons taught monthly to families. The delayed intervention was implemented the following academic year and received the same protocol as the intervention arm. Primary outcomes included: dietary intake, dietary-related behaviors, obesity, and metabolic parameters. Child measures included: height, weight, waist circumference, body composition, blood pressure, and dietary psychosocial variables. A subsample of children were measured for glucose, hemoglobin-A1C, and 24-hour dietary recalls. Parent measures included: height and weight, dietary intake, and related dietary psychosocial variables. Results: Of the 4239 eligible students, 3137 students consented and provided baseline clinical measures; 3132 students completed child surveys, with 92{\%} of their parents completing parent surveys. The subsamples of blood draws and dietary recalls were 34{\%} and 24{\%}, respectively. Intervention arm baseline descriptives, clinical and dietary data for children and parents are reported. Conclusion: The TX Sprouts intervention targeted primarily low-income Hispanic children and their parents; utilized an interactive gardening, nutrition, and cooking program; and measured a battery of dietary behaviors, obesity and metabolic outcomes.",
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AU - Vandyousefi, Sarvenaz

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N2 - Aims: To outline the study design, outcome measures, protocol and baseline characteristics of enrolled participants of Texas (TX) Sprouts, a one-year school-based gardening, nutrition, and cooking cluster randomized trial. Methods: Eight schools were randomly assigned to the TX Sprouts intervention and eight schools to the delayed intervention over three years (2016–2019). The intervention arm received: formation/training of Garden Leadership Committees; a 0.25-acre outdoor teaching garden; 18 student lessons including gardening, nutrition, and cooking activities, taught weekly during school hours by hired educators throughout one school year; and nine parent lessons taught monthly to families. The delayed intervention was implemented the following academic year and received the same protocol as the intervention arm. Primary outcomes included: dietary intake, dietary-related behaviors, obesity, and metabolic parameters. Child measures included: height, weight, waist circumference, body composition, blood pressure, and dietary psychosocial variables. A subsample of children were measured for glucose, hemoglobin-A1C, and 24-hour dietary recalls. Parent measures included: height and weight, dietary intake, and related dietary psychosocial variables. Results: Of the 4239 eligible students, 3137 students consented and provided baseline clinical measures; 3132 students completed child surveys, with 92% of their parents completing parent surveys. The subsamples of blood draws and dietary recalls were 34% and 24%, respectively. Intervention arm baseline descriptives, clinical and dietary data for children and parents are reported. Conclusion: The TX Sprouts intervention targeted primarily low-income Hispanic children and their parents; utilized an interactive gardening, nutrition, and cooking program; and measured a battery of dietary behaviors, obesity and metabolic outcomes.

AB - Aims: To outline the study design, outcome measures, protocol and baseline characteristics of enrolled participants of Texas (TX) Sprouts, a one-year school-based gardening, nutrition, and cooking cluster randomized trial. Methods: Eight schools were randomly assigned to the TX Sprouts intervention and eight schools to the delayed intervention over three years (2016–2019). The intervention arm received: formation/training of Garden Leadership Committees; a 0.25-acre outdoor teaching garden; 18 student lessons including gardening, nutrition, and cooking activities, taught weekly during school hours by hired educators throughout one school year; and nine parent lessons taught monthly to families. The delayed intervention was implemented the following academic year and received the same protocol as the intervention arm. Primary outcomes included: dietary intake, dietary-related behaviors, obesity, and metabolic parameters. Child measures included: height, weight, waist circumference, body composition, blood pressure, and dietary psychosocial variables. A subsample of children were measured for glucose, hemoglobin-A1C, and 24-hour dietary recalls. Parent measures included: height and weight, dietary intake, and related dietary psychosocial variables. Results: Of the 4239 eligible students, 3137 students consented and provided baseline clinical measures; 3132 students completed child surveys, with 92% of their parents completing parent surveys. The subsamples of blood draws and dietary recalls were 34% and 24%, respectively. Intervention arm baseline descriptives, clinical and dietary data for children and parents are reported. Conclusion: The TX Sprouts intervention targeted primarily low-income Hispanic children and their parents; utilized an interactive gardening, nutrition, and cooking program; and measured a battery of dietary behaviors, obesity and metabolic outcomes.

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