Differences in Firearm Suicides by Residential Location in Texas, 2006–2015

Namkee G. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, C. Nathan Marti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006–2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44% of all teenage suicides and 76–90% and 50–60% of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both genders during the study period. Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly higher firearm use rate (AOR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.28–1.42) among decedents who resided in nonurbanized areas. Differences in firearm use rates by residential location likely reflect higher firearm ownership in smaller communities and rural than urban areas. The findings underscore the importance of community- and individual-level suicide prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-506
Number of pages16
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2019

Fingerprint

Firearms
Suicide
Vital Statistics
Ownership
Rural Population
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • firearms
  • gun ownership
  • hanging/suffocation
  • poisoning
  • rural suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Differences in Firearm Suicides by Residential Location in Texas, 2006–2015. / Choi, Namkee G.; DiNitto, Diana M.; Nathan Marti, C.

In: Archives of Suicide Research, Vol. 23, No. 3, 03.07.2019, p. 491-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, Namkee G. ; DiNitto, Diana M. ; Nathan Marti, C. / Differences in Firearm Suicides by Residential Location in Texas, 2006–2015. In: Archives of Suicide Research. 2019 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 491-506.
@article{de5645cce9a548739bbb658c8f97054d,
title = "Differences in Firearm Suicides by Residential Location in Texas, 2006–2015",
abstract = "This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006–2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44{\%} of all teenage suicides and 76–90{\%} and 50–60{\%} of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both genders during the study period. Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly higher firearm use rate (AOR = 1.35, 95{\%} CI = 1.28–1.42) among decedents who resided in nonurbanized areas. Differences in firearm use rates by residential location likely reflect higher firearm ownership in smaller communities and rural than urban areas. The findings underscore the importance of community- and individual-level suicide prevention strategies.",
keywords = "firearms, gun ownership, hanging/suffocation, poisoning, rural suicide",
author = "Choi, {Namkee G.} and DiNitto, {Diana M.} and {Nathan Marti}, C.",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/13811118.2018.1468290",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "491--506",
journal = "Archives of Suicide Research",
issn = "1381-1118",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in Firearm Suicides by Residential Location in Texas, 2006–2015

AU - Choi, Namkee G.

AU - DiNitto, Diana M.

AU - Nathan Marti, C.

PY - 2019/7/3

Y1 - 2019/7/3

N2 - This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006–2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44% of all teenage suicides and 76–90% and 50–60% of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both genders during the study period. Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly higher firearm use rate (AOR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.28–1.42) among decedents who resided in nonurbanized areas. Differences in firearm use rates by residential location likely reflect higher firearm ownership in smaller communities and rural than urban areas. The findings underscore the importance of community- and individual-level suicide prevention strategies.

AB - This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006–2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44% of all teenage suicides and 76–90% and 50–60% of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both genders during the study period. Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly higher firearm use rate (AOR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.28–1.42) among decedents who resided in nonurbanized areas. Differences in firearm use rates by residential location likely reflect higher firearm ownership in smaller communities and rural than urban areas. The findings underscore the importance of community- and individual-level suicide prevention strategies.

KW - firearms

KW - gun ownership

KW - hanging/suffocation

KW - poisoning

KW - rural suicide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055025830&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055025830&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13811118.2018.1468290

DO - 10.1080/13811118.2018.1468290

M3 - Article

C2 - 29791268

AN - SCOPUS:85055025830

VL - 23

SP - 491

EP - 506

JO - Archives of Suicide Research

JF - Archives of Suicide Research

SN - 1381-1118

IS - 3

ER -