Effect of cognitive bias modification-memory on depressive symptoms and autobiographical memory bias: two independent studies in high-ruminating and dysphoric samples

Janna N. Vrijsen, Justin Dainer-Best, Sara M. Witcraft, Santiago Papini, Paula Hertel, Christopher Beevers, Eni S. Becker, Jasper Smits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Memory bias is a risk factor for depression. In two independent studies, the efficacy of one CBM-Memory session on negative memory bias and depressive symptoms was tested in vulnerable samples. We compared positive to neutral (control) CBM-Memory trainings in highly-ruminating individuals (N = 101) and individuals with elevated depressive symptoms (N = 100). In both studies, participants studied positive, neutral, and negative Swahili words paired with their translations. In five study–test blocks, they were then prompted to retrieve either only the positive or neutral translations. Immediately following the training and one week later, we tested cued recall of all translations and autobiographical memory bias; and also measured mood, depressive symptoms, and rumination. Retrieval practice resulted in training-congruent recall both immediately after and one week after the training. Overall, there was no differential decrease in symptoms or difference in autobiographical memory bias between the training conditions. In the dysphoric but not in the high-ruminating sample, the positive training resulted in positive autobiographical bias only in dysphoric individuals with positive pre-existing bias. We conclude that one session of positive retrieval-based CBM-Memory may not be enough to yield symptom change and affect autobiographical memory bias in vulnerable individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-304
Number of pages17
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2019

Fingerprint

Episodic Memory
Depression
Learning
Autobiographical Memory
Cognitive Bias
Depressive Symptoms

Keywords

  • Memory bias
  • cognitive bias modification
  • depression
  • retrieval
  • rumination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Effect of cognitive bias modification-memory on depressive symptoms and autobiographical memory bias : two independent studies in high-ruminating and dysphoric samples. / Vrijsen, Janna N.; Dainer-Best, Justin; Witcraft, Sara M.; Papini, Santiago; Hertel, Paula; Beevers, Christopher; Becker, Eni S.; Smits, Jasper.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 33, No. 2, 17.02.2019, p. 288-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vrijsen, Janna N. ; Dainer-Best, Justin ; Witcraft, Sara M. ; Papini, Santiago ; Hertel, Paula ; Beevers, Christopher ; Becker, Eni S. ; Smits, Jasper. / Effect of cognitive bias modification-memory on depressive symptoms and autobiographical memory bias : two independent studies in high-ruminating and dysphoric samples. In: Cognition and Emotion. 2019 ; Vol. 33, No. 2. pp. 288-304.
@article{b5b712c18502436095c38487bd0c5e55,
title = "Effect of cognitive bias modification-memory on depressive symptoms and autobiographical memory bias: two independent studies in high-ruminating and dysphoric samples",
abstract = "Memory bias is a risk factor for depression. In two independent studies, the efficacy of one CBM-Memory session on negative memory bias and depressive symptoms was tested in vulnerable samples. We compared positive to neutral (control) CBM-Memory trainings in highly-ruminating individuals (N = 101) and individuals with elevated depressive symptoms (N = 100). In both studies, participants studied positive, neutral, and negative Swahili words paired with their translations. In five study–test blocks, they were then prompted to retrieve either only the positive or neutral translations. Immediately following the training and one week later, we tested cued recall of all translations and autobiographical memory bias; and also measured mood, depressive symptoms, and rumination. Retrieval practice resulted in training-congruent recall both immediately after and one week after the training. Overall, there was no differential decrease in symptoms or difference in autobiographical memory bias between the training conditions. In the dysphoric but not in the high-ruminating sample, the positive training resulted in positive autobiographical bias only in dysphoric individuals with positive pre-existing bias. We conclude that one session of positive retrieval-based CBM-Memory may not be enough to yield symptom change and affect autobiographical memory bias in vulnerable individuals.",
keywords = "Memory bias, cognitive bias modification, depression, retrieval, rumination",
author = "Vrijsen, {Janna N.} and Justin Dainer-Best and Witcraft, {Sara M.} and Santiago Papini and Paula Hertel and Christopher Beevers and Becker, {Eni S.} and Jasper Smits",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1080/02699931.2018.1450225",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "288--304",
journal = "Cognition and Emotion",
issn = "0269-9931",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of cognitive bias modification-memory on depressive symptoms and autobiographical memory bias

T2 - two independent studies in high-ruminating and dysphoric samples

AU - Vrijsen, Janna N.

AU - Dainer-Best, Justin

AU - Witcraft, Sara M.

AU - Papini, Santiago

AU - Hertel, Paula

AU - Beevers, Christopher

AU - Becker, Eni S.

AU - Smits, Jasper

PY - 2019/2/17

Y1 - 2019/2/17

N2 - Memory bias is a risk factor for depression. In two independent studies, the efficacy of one CBM-Memory session on negative memory bias and depressive symptoms was tested in vulnerable samples. We compared positive to neutral (control) CBM-Memory trainings in highly-ruminating individuals (N = 101) and individuals with elevated depressive symptoms (N = 100). In both studies, participants studied positive, neutral, and negative Swahili words paired with their translations. In five study–test blocks, they were then prompted to retrieve either only the positive or neutral translations. Immediately following the training and one week later, we tested cued recall of all translations and autobiographical memory bias; and also measured mood, depressive symptoms, and rumination. Retrieval practice resulted in training-congruent recall both immediately after and one week after the training. Overall, there was no differential decrease in symptoms or difference in autobiographical memory bias between the training conditions. In the dysphoric but not in the high-ruminating sample, the positive training resulted in positive autobiographical bias only in dysphoric individuals with positive pre-existing bias. We conclude that one session of positive retrieval-based CBM-Memory may not be enough to yield symptom change and affect autobiographical memory bias in vulnerable individuals.

AB - Memory bias is a risk factor for depression. In two independent studies, the efficacy of one CBM-Memory session on negative memory bias and depressive symptoms was tested in vulnerable samples. We compared positive to neutral (control) CBM-Memory trainings in highly-ruminating individuals (N = 101) and individuals with elevated depressive symptoms (N = 100). In both studies, participants studied positive, neutral, and negative Swahili words paired with their translations. In five study–test blocks, they were then prompted to retrieve either only the positive or neutral translations. Immediately following the training and one week later, we tested cued recall of all translations and autobiographical memory bias; and also measured mood, depressive symptoms, and rumination. Retrieval practice resulted in training-congruent recall both immediately after and one week after the training. Overall, there was no differential decrease in symptoms or difference in autobiographical memory bias between the training conditions. In the dysphoric but not in the high-ruminating sample, the positive training resulted in positive autobiographical bias only in dysphoric individuals with positive pre-existing bias. We conclude that one session of positive retrieval-based CBM-Memory may not be enough to yield symptom change and affect autobiographical memory bias in vulnerable individuals.

KW - Memory bias

KW - cognitive bias modification

KW - depression

KW - retrieval

KW - rumination

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044083179&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044083179&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02699931.2018.1450225

DO - 10.1080/02699931.2018.1450225

M3 - Article

C2 - 29540103

AN - SCOPUS:85044083179

VL - 33

SP - 288

EP - 304

JO - Cognition and Emotion

JF - Cognition and Emotion

SN - 0269-9931

IS - 2

ER -