Emotion dysregulation and body mass index: The explanatory role of emotional eating among adult smokers

Jenna Jones, Brooke Y. Kauffman, David Rosenfield, Jasper A.J. Smits, Michael J. Zvolensky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

There is limited understanding of the relationship between emotion dysregulation and weight gain among smokers, although available data suggest there are potential relationships that may be of clinical importance. The present study explored a potential mechanism in the relationship between emotion dysregulation and body mass index (BMI). Specifically, the current study examined the indirect effects of emotional eating on the association between emotion dysregulation and BMI among smokers. Participants included 136 (52.2% female; M age = 42.25, SD = 11.24)adults who were treatment-seeking smokers. Primary analysis included one regression-based model, wherein emotion dysregulation served as the predictor, emotional eating as the intermediary variable, and BMI as the criterion variable. Covariates were age and gender. Results indicated that emotional dysregulation was significantly associated with BMI through emotional eating (a*b = 0.02, SE = 0.01, CI 95% = 0.002, 0.042). The current findings provide initial empirical evidence that greater reported levels of emotion dysregulation may be associated with greater reported levels of emotional eating, which in turn, may be related to higher BMI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-101
Number of pages5
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

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Emotions
Body Mass Index
Eating
Weight Gain
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Emotion dysregulation
  • Emotional eating
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Emotion dysregulation and body mass index : The explanatory role of emotional eating among adult smokers. / Jones, Jenna; Kauffman, Brooke Y.; Rosenfield, David; Smits, Jasper A.J.; Zvolensky, Michael J.

In: Eating Behaviors, Vol. 33, 04.2019, p. 97-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jones, Jenna ; Kauffman, Brooke Y. ; Rosenfield, David ; Smits, Jasper A.J. ; Zvolensky, Michael J. / Emotion dysregulation and body mass index : The explanatory role of emotional eating among adult smokers. In: Eating Behaviors. 2019 ; Vol. 33. pp. 97-101.
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