Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research

Jodi Berger Cardoso, Kalina Brabeck, Dennis Stinchcomb, Lauren Heidbrink, Olga Acosta Price, Óscar F. Gil-García, Thomas M. Crea, Luis Zayas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Between October 2013 and July 2016, over 156,000 children travelling without their guardians were apprehended at the U.S.–Mexico border and transferred to the care of the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). During that same period, ORR placed over 123,000 unaccompanied migrant youth–predominantly from Central America–with a parent or other adult sponsor residing in the U.S. Following placement, local communities are tasked with integrating migrant youth, many of whom experience pre- and in-transit migration traumas, family separation, limited/interrupted schooling, and unauthorised legal status, placing them at heightened risk for psychological distress, academic disengagement, maltreatment, and human trafficking. Nonetheless, fewer than 10% of young people receive formal post-release services (PRS). This paper addresses the paucity of research on the experiences of the 90% of children and youth without access to PRS. To bridge this gap, this article: (a) describes the post-release experiences of unaccompanied youth, focusing on legal, family, health, and educational contexts; (b) identifies methodological and ethical challenges and solutions in conducting research with this population of young people and their families; and (c) proposes research to identify structural challenges to the provision of services and to inform best practices in support of unaccompanied youth. [196 words].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-292
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 25 2019

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migrant
resettlement
refugee
experience
disengagement
legal status
maltreatment
international migration
best practice
trauma
parents
Mexico
Migrants
health
community
Refugees
Resettlement

Keywords

  • Central America
  • Unaccompanied minors
  • child migration
  • post-release services
  • refugees

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Berger Cardoso, J., Brabeck, K., Stinchcomb, D., Heidbrink, L., Price, O. A., Gil-García, Ó. F., ... Zayas, L. (2019). Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 45(2), 273-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2017.1404261

Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States : a call for research. / Berger Cardoso, Jodi; Brabeck, Kalina; Stinchcomb, Dennis; Heidbrink, Lauren; Price, Olga Acosta; Gil-García, Óscar F.; Crea, Thomas M.; Zayas, Luis.

In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 45, No. 2, 25.01.2019, p. 273-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Berger Cardoso, J, Brabeck, K, Stinchcomb, D, Heidbrink, L, Price, OA, Gil-García, ÓF, Crea, TM & Zayas, L 2019, 'Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research' Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 273-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2017.1404261
Berger Cardoso J, Brabeck K, Stinchcomb D, Heidbrink L, Price OA, Gil-García ÓF et al. Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States: a call for research. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 2019 Jan 25;45(2):273-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2017.1404261
Berger Cardoso, Jodi ; Brabeck, Kalina ; Stinchcomb, Dennis ; Heidbrink, Lauren ; Price, Olga Acosta ; Gil-García, Óscar F. ; Crea, Thomas M. ; Zayas, Luis. / Integration of unaccompanied migrant youth in the United States : a call for research. In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 2019 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 273-292.
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