Malnutrition in Older Adults with Cancer

Xiaotao Zhang, Beatrice Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Malnutrition is a common and under-recognized geriatric condition in older adults with cancer. This review describes the public health burden, malnutrition prevention, and the relationship among cancer cachexia, malnutrition, and sarcopenia. Finally, clinical practice recommendations on malnutrition and prevention are presented. Recent Findings: Advanced age and cancer stage, frailty, dementia, major depression, functional impairment, and physical performance are important risk factors for malnutrition in older adults with cancer. The Mini Nutrition Assessment (MNA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), and Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) are the most commonly used assessment tools in older adults with cancer. In addition, malnutrition is independently associated with poor overall survival and quality of life, longer hospital stays, greater hospital cost, and hospital readmission. Summary: Comprehensive malnutrition prevention is required for improving the nutrition status among older adults with cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number80
JournalCurrent Oncology Reports
Volume21
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

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Malnutrition
Neoplasms
Sarcopenia
Patient Readmission
Cachexia
Nutrition Assessment
Hospital Costs
Nutritional Status
Geriatrics
Dementia
Length of Stay
Public Health
Quality of Life
Depression
Survival

Keywords

  • Cancer cachexia
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment
  • Dementia
  • Depression
  • Frailty
  • Functional impairment
  • Gait speed
  • Malnutrition prevention
  • Older adult with cancer
  • Overall survival
  • Performance status
  • Quality of life
  • Risk factors
  • Sarcopenia
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

Malnutrition in Older Adults with Cancer. / Zhang, Xiaotao; Edwards, Beatrice.

In: Current Oncology Reports, Vol. 21, No. 9, 80, 01.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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