The female athlete triad and abnormal pubertal development

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The female athlete triad is a medical condition that occurs in exercising adolescent females and consists of three factors: energy availability, menstrual function, and bone health. These interrelated factors exist on spectrums from optimal health to dysfunction. Underlying the triad is low energy availability which can be the result of inadvertent undereating, purposeful undereating, or an eating disorder. The resulting low energy availability directly impacts bone health as well as menstrual function. Menstrual irregularity or amenorrhea also has a direct impact on bone health and should not be viewed as a normal consequence of exercise, but instead a pathologic response to low energy availability. In combination, the female athlete triad can lead to long-term health consequences such as poor bone health, infertility, and endothelial dysfunction as well as more immediate health consequences such as stress fractures and musculoskeletal injury. Awareness of the components and health consequences of the female athlete triad is low among athletes and coaches and education may improve early identification of adolescents at risk for the condition and its associated health consequences. A non-pharmacologic approach to restoration of optimal energy availability is the key to treatment of the female athlete triad and a multidisciplinary team including the athlete, coach, dietician, health care provider, and mental health professional, if needed, should be utilized in any treatment plan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAbnormal Female Puberty
Subtitle of host publicationA Clinical Casebook
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages175-205
Number of pages31
ISBN (Electronic)9783319272252
ISBN (Print)9783319272238
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Female Athlete Triad Syndrome
Health
Bone and Bones
Athletes
Stress Fractures
Nutritionists
Amenorrhea
Health Personnel
Infertility
Mental Health

Keywords

  • Adolescent athlete
  • Bone mineral density
  • Eating disorder
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Energy availability
  • Female athlete triad
  • Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea
  • Menstrual disturbances
  • Stress fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Monge, M. (2016). The female athlete triad and abnormal pubertal development. In Abnormal Female Puberty: A Clinical Casebook (pp. 175-205). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27225-2_9

The female athlete triad and abnormal pubertal development. / Monge, Maria.

Abnormal Female Puberty: A Clinical Casebook. Springer International Publishing, 2016. p. 175-205.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Monge, M 2016, The female athlete triad and abnormal pubertal development. in Abnormal Female Puberty: A Clinical Casebook. Springer International Publishing, pp. 175-205. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27225-2_9
Monge M. The female athlete triad and abnormal pubertal development. In Abnormal Female Puberty: A Clinical Casebook. Springer International Publishing. 2016. p. 175-205 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27225-2_9
Monge, Maria. / The female athlete triad and abnormal pubertal development. Abnormal Female Puberty: A Clinical Casebook. Springer International Publishing, 2016. pp. 175-205
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