Using blockchain to create transaction identity for persons experiencing homelessness in America

Policy proposal

Anjum Khurshid, Ashish Gadnis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

More than 500,000 people experience homelessness in America each day. Local and federal solutions to the problem have had limited success because of the fragmentation of services and lack of valid and timely information. Billions of dollars spent to provide reliable, timely, and actionable information in health care have exposed the difficulty of establishing such a system using the prevalent information technology solutions. However, relying on successful examples of the use of blockchain to help refugee populations and poor farmers internationally, we have partnered to propose an innovative solution to this problem using the case of people experiencing homelessness in Austin, Texas. This paper aims to describe one of the first applications of blockchain technology for addressing homelessness in the United States by creating a digital identity for people experiencing homelessness and engaging emergency medical services and clinical providers. The authors argue that a lack of documentation to prove personal identity and the inability to access own records are major hurdles for empowering persons experiencing homelessness to be resilient and overcome the life challenges they face. Furthermore, it is argued that this lack of information causes misdiagnosis, duplication, and fragmentation in service delivery, which can be potentially addressed by blockchain technology. Further planning for creating a program on the ground with additional funding will demonstrate the results of using blockchain technology to establish digital identity for persons experiencing homelessness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere10654
JournalJournal of medical Internet research
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Homeless Persons
Technology
Refugees
Emergency Medical Services
Diagnostic Errors
Documentation
Delivery of Health Care
Population

Keywords

  • Affordable housing
  • Austin
  • Blockchain
  • Distributed ledger
  • Emergency medical services
  • Health information
  • Homelessness
  • Interoperability
  • Transaction identity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Using blockchain to create transaction identity for persons experiencing homelessness in America : Policy proposal. / Khurshid, Anjum; Gadnis, Ashish.

In: Journal of medical Internet research, Vol. 21, No. 3, e10654, 01.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{39361658a27f4758a743b81cec3f87f9,
title = "Using blockchain to create transaction identity for persons experiencing homelessness in America: Policy proposal",
abstract = "More than 500,000 people experience homelessness in America each day. Local and federal solutions to the problem have had limited success because of the fragmentation of services and lack of valid and timely information. Billions of dollars spent to provide reliable, timely, and actionable information in health care have exposed the difficulty of establishing such a system using the prevalent information technology solutions. However, relying on successful examples of the use of blockchain to help refugee populations and poor farmers internationally, we have partnered to propose an innovative solution to this problem using the case of people experiencing homelessness in Austin, Texas. This paper aims to describe one of the first applications of blockchain technology for addressing homelessness in the United States by creating a digital identity for people experiencing homelessness and engaging emergency medical services and clinical providers. The authors argue that a lack of documentation to prove personal identity and the inability to access own records are major hurdles for empowering persons experiencing homelessness to be resilient and overcome the life challenges they face. Furthermore, it is argued that this lack of information causes misdiagnosis, duplication, and fragmentation in service delivery, which can be potentially addressed by blockchain technology. Further planning for creating a program on the ground with additional funding will demonstrate the results of using blockchain technology to establish digital identity for persons experiencing homelessness.",
keywords = "Affordable housing, Austin, Blockchain, Distributed ledger, Emergency medical services, Health information, Homelessness, Interoperability, Transaction identity",
author = "Anjum Khurshid and Ashish Gadnis",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2196/10654",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
journal = "Journal of Medical Internet Research",
issn = "1439-4456",
publisher = "Journal of medical Internet Research",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using blockchain to create transaction identity for persons experiencing homelessness in America

T2 - Policy proposal

AU - Khurshid, Anjum

AU - Gadnis, Ashish

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - More than 500,000 people experience homelessness in America each day. Local and federal solutions to the problem have had limited success because of the fragmentation of services and lack of valid and timely information. Billions of dollars spent to provide reliable, timely, and actionable information in health care have exposed the difficulty of establishing such a system using the prevalent information technology solutions. However, relying on successful examples of the use of blockchain to help refugee populations and poor farmers internationally, we have partnered to propose an innovative solution to this problem using the case of people experiencing homelessness in Austin, Texas. This paper aims to describe one of the first applications of blockchain technology for addressing homelessness in the United States by creating a digital identity for people experiencing homelessness and engaging emergency medical services and clinical providers. The authors argue that a lack of documentation to prove personal identity and the inability to access own records are major hurdles for empowering persons experiencing homelessness to be resilient and overcome the life challenges they face. Furthermore, it is argued that this lack of information causes misdiagnosis, duplication, and fragmentation in service delivery, which can be potentially addressed by blockchain technology. Further planning for creating a program on the ground with additional funding will demonstrate the results of using blockchain technology to establish digital identity for persons experiencing homelessness.

AB - More than 500,000 people experience homelessness in America each day. Local and federal solutions to the problem have had limited success because of the fragmentation of services and lack of valid and timely information. Billions of dollars spent to provide reliable, timely, and actionable information in health care have exposed the difficulty of establishing such a system using the prevalent information technology solutions. However, relying on successful examples of the use of blockchain to help refugee populations and poor farmers internationally, we have partnered to propose an innovative solution to this problem using the case of people experiencing homelessness in Austin, Texas. This paper aims to describe one of the first applications of blockchain technology for addressing homelessness in the United States by creating a digital identity for people experiencing homelessness and engaging emergency medical services and clinical providers. The authors argue that a lack of documentation to prove personal identity and the inability to access own records are major hurdles for empowering persons experiencing homelessness to be resilient and overcome the life challenges they face. Furthermore, it is argued that this lack of information causes misdiagnosis, duplication, and fragmentation in service delivery, which can be potentially addressed by blockchain technology. Further planning for creating a program on the ground with additional funding will demonstrate the results of using blockchain technology to establish digital identity for persons experiencing homelessness.

KW - Affordable housing

KW - Austin

KW - Blockchain

KW - Distributed ledger

KW - Emergency medical services

KW - Health information

KW - Homelessness

KW - Interoperability

KW - Transaction identity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067419054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067419054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2196/10654

DO - 10.2196/10654

M3 - Article

VL - 21

JO - Journal of Medical Internet Research

JF - Journal of Medical Internet Research

SN - 1439-4456

IS - 3

M1 - e10654

ER -